Young Scientists

Scientist and entrepreneur - 1. Introduction: a recent interest

Aziz Nafa, from the Centre of research in economy applied to development from Algiers, introduced the panel of the YASE conference devoted to the creation of companies based on scientific work.

"In the 1960’s, the literature was pessimistic about the contribution of migrations to the development of the countries of origin: it was seen as an obstacle to this development, since the competence goes away and does not return.

From the 2000’s onwards, this perception became more positive. When we talk about competence, this morning we were talking about "brain drain", now we are talking about "brain gain". Of course, the contribution of the diaspora to the development of the country of origin is diverse: through transfer of knowledge, through transfer of funds. These skilled people often occupy very high positions in the host countries : in companies, as entrepreneurs, as scientists, even as academicians.

In recent years, more specifically around 2006 - 2007, works have focused on entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship was not, at this time, perceived as reliable for the development of the country of origin. In recent years, the literature has focused on the role of diaspora entrepreneurs in the development of countries of origin. Hence the questions this afternoon: we will try to discuss this link with the diaspora, which often decides to return home. Others prefer to stay. Hence the discussion about of the idea of return."

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