Young Scientists

What are the visions for science in Africa ? 7 - Amadou Tidiane Ndiaye: Too many literary graduates in French-speaking Africa

School and university systems in French-speaking Africa are too much unbalanced.

"I will focus my talk on three points. First a general observation, then about Senegal's option and Senegal's vision in relation to science, and about some projects in progress. Then we will talk about the solutions that have been considered.

The general observation has been established by the national dialogue on higher education. Our school and university landscape is very unbalanced, essentially made of baccalaureate graduates from literary series.

This observation is not only valid in Senegal, it is true throughout French-speaking Africa. This year, we have 157,000 baccalaureate graduates applying for the baccalaureate, among them 82% literary.

I think that this approach, this behaviour, is absolutely suicidal for our States. And we cannot continue in this direction at the risk of losing any possibility of catching up and rendering futile all the emergence policies that our countries are putting in place.

We have to understand it is dramatic for two main reasons.

The first one is that we no longer have enough space to accomodate litterature students.

The second aspect, which is also worrying, is that we are mortgaging the future of our countries by not paying attention to this education and training option.

To this situation, we must certainly add the unstable situations in our various countries, which mean that our university system, our academic systems, our training systems, are not performing well in terms of security, of stability, of effectiveness and of efficiency. And finally, there are recurrent crises that characterize the education and training systems in Africa.

This situation, which is valid for Senegal, is valid for all African countries. We have made this observation during the national consultation on the future of higher education. And at the end of this consultation, the President of the Republic set up a presidential council, and eleven decisions were taken."

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